Underwater
Underwater photography and videography is a perfect "gadget sport", with many brands, styles and levels of equipment to choose from. It doesn't have to rely on expensive and high maintenance equipment. I started out with a basic compact camera (Canon ixus750) in a Canon plastic case and some of the images on this website were taken with that camera. Its the perfect system for a beginner who may be using photography to improve their diving skills.
Many of the photos on this website were taken with another compact camera, a Sony RX100. This camera has a large sensor for the compact category, can be used in fully manual mode and with external strobes. Its versatility make it great for switching between macro and wide angle subjects on a single dive, something that can't be done with many bigger cameras.
My main camera is currently the acclaimed Panasonic Lumix GH5. As a "mirrorless" micro-four-thirds camera, it offers interchangeable lenses. The GH5 is regarded as a "hybrid" as it is highly capable as both a still and video camera. 
I am a big fan of NAUTICAM underwater housings and trust in them for my cameras. Highly dependable and robust, they are well made, ergonomic and relatively compact for travel.
Lighting is everything in underwater photography, whether by natural or artificial light. For flash photography I use INON strobes which are relatively compact. For video I use compact Weefine LED lights. Size is important. Not only is it easier to travel with smaller equipment, it is easier to handle in and out of the water, and allows you to get close to subjects with less risk of damaging the reef, or scaring the critters away.
Aerial
Aerial imagery is by DJI Inspire 1 Pro. This incredible piece of equipment bridges the gap between remote control flyers and videographers, and allows me to capture cinema quality footage. The drone is capable of high speed and long range, and captures 4K video with its on-board camera. Key features are its stability and smoothness and is its unrestricted 360 degree view. This has significant advantages for filming, without interference from spinning blades, landing legs or shadows. This is no toy. With the fully manual X5 (micro 4/3) camera installed, high resolution still photos can be captured using various lenses and filters.